Referential constraints on lexical islands. by Pieter A. M. Seuren Download PDF EPUB FB2
Indefinite Donkeys on Islands. lambda notation for assignments in the lexical entries. 4 Not all semantic values are. duced referential constraint will be added to the ones priorly Author: Edgar Onea. Island constraints have formed a central component of grammatical theory since the ground breaking work of Ross () developing a proposal in Referential constraints on lexical islands.
book (). The papers collected in this volume address island constraints from a variety of theoretical linguistic and psycholinguistic by: 3. Effects of prosodic and lexical constraints on parsing in young children (and adults) ☆ Author links open overlay panel Jesse Snedeker a Sylvia Yuan b Show more.
The model employs a representation of speech that combines lexical information with abstract phonological information, with lexical access modelled as a direct mapping onto this single distributed.
Referential vs. lexical GIVENNESS L Recall that Schwarzschild () distinguishes between (i) expressions of type e and (ii) “functional” expressions of type ‘ ; e. GIVENNESS = coreference anaphora ii.
GIVENNESS = entailment / set inclusion (for words: repetition, synonymy or hypernymy) L Halliday & Hasan (): different types of. island is a phrase which elements cannot get oﬀ of, just as a person cannot get oﬀ of an island without extra help of a bridge or a boat.
WH-island constraint The WH-island constraint is the most basic of the island constraints and is the basis for motivating the idea described in Section 2 that movement must occur from CP to Size: 75KB.
So we need a separate lexical entry for this be, stipulating: Its SPR must be there It takes two complements, the ﬁrst an NP and the second an AP, PP, or (certain kind of) VP.
The semantics should capture the relation between, e.g. There is a page missing and A page is missing. Non-referential NPs, Expletives, and Extraposition 6File Size: 87KB. This chapter is devoted to motivating wh- movement and presenting a basic range of empirical phenomena associated with it.
In particular, we review an influential set of structural conditions under which wh- movement is ungrammatical, the so-called island constraints of Ross Islands are described in terms of constraints on Type 2 "Movement" rules, each constraint describing an island category.
Below are a few examples of such island constraints; the complete dissertation can be downloaded. Let us begin by associating any noun phrase with a referential index. In the syntactic literature, it is standard to use the letters of the alphabet, beginning with i (for 'index'), both as referential indices and to indicate movement.
For clarity, however, we will use the natural numbers as referential indices. However, their eye movements reveal an emerging sensitivity to referential constraints.
The observed changes in information use over ontogenetic time best support a constraint-based lexicalist account of parsing development, which posits that highly reliable cues to structure, like lexical biases, will emerge earlier during development and more robustly than less reliable cues.
Lexical Semantic: Referential Theory. Posted by awin wijaya Posted on PM with No comments. There are several functions of language. At least there are three functions of language which become the fundamental basis in explaining meaning in language: (1) language function as the representation of reality; (2) language function as media to.
Book Description Recently, there has been a surge of interest in the lexicon. The demand for a fuller and more adequate understanding of lexical meaning required by developments in computational linguistics, artificial intelligence, and cognitive science has stimulated a refocused interest in linguistics, psychology, and philosophy.
I read the book that Maya loaned Rachel. I didn’t read the book that Maya loaned Rachel. (Ex. 7 does not negate that Maya loaned Rachel a book). Of course, backgrounded constituents can be negated with “metalinguistic” negation, signaled by heavy lexical stress on the negated constituent (I didn’t read the book that Maya gave me.
In short, syntactic island constraints mark islands as special within the domain of language, and even more particularly, within the domain of linguistic dependencies. Consequently, island constraints offer little insight into anything about language or cognition, except islands by: How Words Relate: lexical relationships Janu Novem by IdeasInHat There are a few ways to characterize the meaning of a word; we can do it through morphology, phonology, or even through its categorization:.
Semantic Constraints on Lexical Categories William Nagy and Dedre Gentner Departmeril of Psychology, University of /Ilinois al Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, Illinok, US.
Children are prodigious word learners. able to gain substantial information about a word's meaning on the basis of even a single encounter with the word in context. Two. Syntactic constraints on co-reference. Summary 11 E-Type Anaphora Review of some predictions Referential pronouns with quantifier antecedents Pronouns that are neither bound variables nor referential.
For maximal NPs in referential use, a basic constraint applies: (22) Absoluteness constraint on maximal NPs. Referential maximal NPs carry absolute determination.
The constraint derives from the simple fact that the utterance meaning of an NP cannot be determined as long as there is an open possessor by: Constraints theory (Markman, ) –built-in assumptions direct mapping of words onto meanings - CONSTRAINTS: WHOLE OBJECT CONSTRAINT TAXONOMIC CONSTRAINT CONTRAST CONSTRAINT – s imil ar con t rs f on (Cl, ) 17 Constraints theory Good points: – explains speed at which new words learnt ( lexical constraints whole-object assumption A word learning constraint according to which children assume that a new word refers to a whole object, not toa part or property of an object.
Server: MsgLe State 1, Line 1 Introducing FOREIGN KEY constraint 'fk_two' on table 'table2' may cause cycles or multiple cascade paths. Specify ON DELETE NO ACTION or ON UPDATE NO ACTION, or modify other FOREIGN KEY constraints. Server: MsgLe State 1, Line 1 Could not create constraint.
See previous errors. The Real-time Status of Island Constraints Colin Phillips, Beth Rabbin Leticia Pablos, Kaia Wong •What about constraints on larger combinations of lexical material, e.g., constraints on long-distance structural relations.
Wh-Questions We like the book. Some researchers have tried to explain early word learning via garden-variety learning processes and others by invoking linguistically specific “constraints” that help children to narrow down the referential possibilities.
The social-pragmatic approach to word learning argues that children do not need specifically linguistic constraints to learn words, but rather what they need are. Introduction. In general terms, the term island refers to a configuration that blocks syntactic dependencies (e.g., movement) across it.
Islands have been at the core of syntactic research since John Robert Ross’s seminal dissertation on the topic, Constraints on Variables in Syntax, and they continue to inspire new research and lead to new discoveries.
Theories of meaning: The referential theory of meaning Referential theory: expressions stand for things/objects in reality • words function like labels, sentences mirror state-of-affairs • N designate objects, V designate activities, A designate properties • some strings are meaningful/well-formed The cow ate grass vs.
Grass cow the ateFile Size: 47KB. One of the liveliest forums for sharing psychological, linguistic, philosophical, and computer science perspectives on psycholinguistics has been the annual meeting of the CUNY Sentence Processing Conference.
Documenting the state of the art in several important approaches to sentence processing, th. Snedeker J, Trueswell JC. The developing constraints on parsing decisions: The role of lexical-biases and referential scenes in child and adult sentence processing. Cognitive Psychology. ; 49 (23):8– Spivey M, Tanenhaus M.
Syntactic ambiguity resolution in discourse: Modeling the effects of referential context and lexical by: Immediate Integration of Syntactic and Referential Constraints on Spoken Word Recognition James S.
Magnuson This suggests that lexical activation is initially based only on bottom-up information, and top-down table – a brown purse, a purple book, a red ashtray, and a blue pen – and we ask you to pick one up, you would. The eﬀect of syntactic constraints on the processing of backwards anaphora Nina Kazanina a,*, Ellen F.
Lau b, Moti Lieberman c, Masaya Yoshida b, Colin Phillips b,d a Department of Linguistics, University of Ottawa, Arts Hall, 70 Laurier Avenue East, Ottawa, Ont., KIN 6N5, Canada b Department of Linguistics, University of Maryland, College Park, MDUSACited by:.
In linguistics, locality refers to the proximity of elements in a linguistic structure. Constraints on locality limit the span over which rules can apply to a particular structure.
Theories of transformational grammar use syntactic locality constraints to explain restrictions on argument selection, syntactic binding, and syntactic movement.Ross’s () thesis pointed out a number of poorly understood phenomena which have plagued the study of island constraints ever since.
Specifically, certain non-structural factors are known to affect the grammaticality of island violations in subtle by: Second-language (L2) sentence processing may differ from processing in a native language in a variety of ways, and it has been argued that one major difference is that L2 learners can only construct shallow representations that lack structural details (e.g., Clahsen & Felser, ).The present study challenges this hypothesis by comparing the extent to which advanced L1 Spanish-L2 Cited by: